Irrigation is the technique of making use of water to the vegetation artificially to fulfill their water requirements. Nutrients will also be supplied to the vegetation via irrigation. The diverse reasserts of water for irrigation are wells, ponds, lakes, canals, tube-wells, or even dams. the delivery of water to land or vegetation to assist growth, normally by using channels.
Type of Irrigation
Their are two types of irrigation
a) Surface Irrigation:- contributes-52%, through Canals or Tanks, is where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity. It is by far the most common form of irrigation throughout the world and has been practiced in many areas virtually unchanged for thousands of years.
b) Sub Surface Irrigation contributes:- 48%, through Wells and Tube wells, Subsurface irrigation uses a network of polyethylene pipes located just under the ground’s surface to apply disinfected effluent in the root zone of plants, preventing airborne drift and minimizing runoff.
Benefits of irrigation:
Irrigation facilitates to domesticate advanced vegetation with the water deliver as in keeping with the want of the vegetation. Ultimately it facilitates financial improvement. Irrigation water improves water situations withinside the soil, will increase the water content material of plant fibers, dissolves nutrients & makes them be had to plants.
- Increases in food production.,
- Protection from famine.
- Cultivation of cash crops.
- Increase of prosperity of people.
- Inland navigation.
- Improvement in groundwater storage.
- General development of country etc
Drawbacks of irrigation:
- Water logging.
- Pollution Problem
- Water Losses